Introduce and provide an overview of social learning theory:
- Describe social learning theory and key concepts
- Communities of Practice by Etienne Wenger
- Share key learning resources
Formal education terminology can be at times confusing, potentially exclusionary for those trying to understand the theoretical components for their development as healthcare educators. Try explaining terms such as the cognising individual, epistemological theory or my old adversary, Radical Constructivism (which I couldn’t find in this glossary, maybe they couldn’t explain it either!).
Glossary of Education Terms by Wikipedia
If you can’t find an explanation, it’s Wikipedia so consider contributing to the resource.
This post is to share a fantastic health care education resource that provides resources, discussion, hot topics and is a global community of practice. One to definitely follow.
Harvard Macy Community Blog: “Fostering the ongoing connectedness of health professions educators committed to transforming health care delivery and education”
Key terms: Social learning; situated learning; community of practice; innovation; incubator; social media; global citizen
Note: No affiliation with any of the recommended resources (I wish!)
This post from LITFL peaked interest around the topic of social media and healthcare, especially the spoon feeding discussion on research paper summaries.
What Is PAL?
“People from similar social groupings who are not professional teachers helping each other to learn and learning themselves by teaching” (Topping, 1996).
“A two-way, reciprocal learning activity” (Boud, 2001).
Simply put “PAL is the umbrella term and encompasses all programmes in which students learn from students” (Olaussen et al, 2016).
Benefits for the Learner
Benefits for the Tutor
“To teach is to learn twice” by Joseph Joubert.
For the Team
The role modelling, communication and working together may improve teamwork practices.
Some studies found PAL programs provided no benefit or effect, or the benefit of improved learning occurred for the tutor rather than the learner (the power of reinforcement).
The evidence of PAL in healthcare is predominantly from the student setting so questions remain on introducing PAL in the workplace.
Olaussen, A., Reddy, P., Irvine, S., & Williams, B. (2016). Peer-assisted learning: time for nomenclature clarification. Medical education online, 21(1), 30974. [abstract]
McKenna, L., & French, J. (2011). A step ahead: Teaching undergraduate students to be peer teachers. Nurse Education in Practice, 11(2), 141-145. [abstract]
Topping KJ. The effectiveness of peer tutoring in further and higher education: A typology and review of the literature. Higher Ed 1996; 32: 321–345. [view pages 1-25]
Ten Cate, O., & Durning, S. (2007). Peer teaching in medical education: twelve reasons to move from theory to practice. Medical teacher, 29(6), 591-599.
See below resources around a change model by Dr. John Kotter to consider implementing when designing a project plan.
Bush, H. (2017). How to Embrace Change. Ausmed.
Campbell, R. J. (2008). Change management in health care. The Health Care Manager, 27(1), 23-39.
Kotter J & Cohen D 2002, The Heart of Change, Harvard Business School Press NHS Improvement Foundation, Boston, MA [summary]
Kotter International. (2019). 8 Steps Process. Kotter International, Boston, MA.
Small, A., Gist, D., Souza, D., Dalton, J., Magny-Normilus, C., & David, D. (2016). Using Kotter’s change model for implementing bedside handoff: a quality improvement project. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 31(4), 304-309.
Introduce and provide an overview of heutagogy:
This is part of the presentation series from Nursing Education Network. All based on microlearning, they will be short quick snippets on education topics to provide an introductory overview.
Nursing Education Network. (2018). Heutagogy & Nursing.
BBC News. (2019). How to escape the ‘hyperactive hivemind’ of modern work.
Deep Work: “The ability to concentrate without distraction on a demanding task.”
Newport, C. (2016). Deep work: Rules for focused success in a distracted world. Hachette UK [review].
Learning & Development
Training & Evaluation guidance for delivering quality education programs: ” we strongly suggest that you take the right steps to ensure that training is actually accomplishing what it was intended to do and contributing to the bottom line. Don’t think about evaluation in terms of demonstrating overall value until you are sure you have done all you can to ensure that your training programs are effective” (pg. 3, Kirkpatrick & Kirkpatrick, 2009).
Ten Requirements for an Effective Training Program
Kirkpatrick, D. L. & Kirkpatrick, J.D. (2009). Implementing the four levels: A practical guide for effective evaluation of training programs. Berrett-Koehler Publishers [exerpt].