Nurse as educator: Principles of teaching and learning for nursing practice

Book Club: Bastable, S. (2014). Nurse as educator: Principles of teaching and learning for nursing practice (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. [link to 2nd edition]

It’s good to return to the true literature (time depending) and read a holistic overview of nursing education. This USA flavored (flavoured) book covers a historical and contemporary view of the challenges facing educating nurses. The complex nature of today’s healthcare systems and transforming nursing education are discussed. Bastable also provides a reminder to retain the focus and importance of patient education not just solely educating nurses, to increase competence and confidence of clients to enable greater self-management.

Teaching & Learning of Nurses

“The education process is a systematic, sequential, logical, scientifically  based, planned course of action consisting of two major interdependent operations: teaching and learning” (pg. 13).

The two interdependent players in the learner and education and growth occurs in both parties. That the role of the educator is to promote learning and provide a conductive learning environment.

Relates the education process to the nursing process:

  • ascertain learning needs
  • develop a teaching plan
  • deliver teaching
  • determining behaviour, attitude or skill changes

That the actual act of teaching and instruction is one component of this education process.

Barriers to teaching and learning:

  • lack of time
  • lack of motivation and skills
  • negative environment
  • lack of confidence and competence

Motivation Factors:

  • personal attributes
  • environmental influences
  • relationship systems
  • state of anxiety
  • learner readiness
  • realistic goal setting
  • learner satisfaction and success

Also provides helpful guidance on motivational interviewing techniques.

Reference

Bastable, S. (2014). Nurse as educator: Principles of teaching and learning for nursing practice (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. [link to 2nd edition]

 

Book Club: The Pleasures and Sorrows of Work

Book: The Pleasures and Sorrows of Work by Alain De Botton (2010).

Ever wondered about the exciting world of biscuits? Me neither, but we don’t often think of the research and design, marketing, sales techniques and all round effort put into a simple biscuit but this book explores different occupations and into a large part of our adult lives, namely work. If we do indeed spend 1/3 of our lives at work, then understanding such environments is important.  From inspiring jobs to soul-destroying jobs, De Botton explores ten different professions and how they exist in the modern world. The reflection aspect by De Botton, where he makes the reader consider how we ended up in our professions, often stemming back from choices made as 16 year olds (our unthinking selves).

Some Points:

  • How products are made, the front end understanding only as technology underneath renders most of us helpless.
  • Specialisation of jobs, it will be a case of what can be automated in the future.
  • Mass production and megafactories moving away from local small-scale production.
  • Globalisation: in the food industry it is possible from source to table across the world in less than 72 hours is such an amazing feat, so when you shop you may never notice seasonal changes in food availability. Don’t even consider relating this to the postal service!
  • Consider all the things we are surrounded by and how they came to be there – any idea?

“The Pleasures and Sorrows of Work is an exploration of the joys and perils of the modern workplace, beautifully evoking what other people get up to all day – and night – to make the frenzied contemporary world function” (De Botton, 2010).

 

Reference

De Botton, A. (2010). The Pleasures and Sorrows of Work. Emblem Editions. [Goodreads blurb]

Shop Class as Soulcraft by Matthew Crawford

This soul-searching book on life, work, study is so poignant in such technological times. Crawford is part mechanic, part academic and provides insights into the lost art of working with our hands and craftsmanship. Ending up in a ‘think-tank’ job from his academic pathway of political philosophy, the observations and questioning from Crawford makes you consider the ‘important’s in life’. His passion for motorcycle mechanics becomes incorporated into his future work, and subsequent overall satisfaction in life.

In education the loss of hands-on training, the workshop class such as woodwork, metalwork has disappeared probably forever.  The downgrading of manual work, and an education pathway to university rather than into the workplace is now becoming norm (lifelong learning). The single use ‘throw away’ culture as Crawford describes, and not understanding the equipment we now use daily in our lives is also a norm. This impacts on our learners as we (educators) expect from employees levels of understanding, critical thinking but how can this be achieved in such an environment? Crawford makes us question if we still value vocational training and work anymore?

References

Book: Crawford, M. B. (2009). Shop Class as Soulcraft: An inquiry into the value of work. Penguin. [sample here]

Article: Crawford, M. B. (2006). Shop Class as Soulcraft. The New Atlantis, (13), 7-24.

7 Habits: Stephen Covey

Really busy, increasing workload, stretched resources, being creative, motivated, balancing, feeling tired, need a holiday, trying to plan ahead. During the really busy times when workload seems to be casting a shadow over life it is good to revisit some of our good habits to re-focus, work smarter and retain our own locus of control.

“We must look at the lens through which we see the world, as well as at the world we see, and that the lens itself shapes how we interpret the world. “ (Covey, 1989)

Work from the inside out, for a deeper level of thinking and lasting solution we need to view inside part of self of our character and motives. A paradigm is what we see, the paradigm shift is the ‘aha’ or ‘light bulb’ moment.

Covey’s series of habits see progression from dependence via independence to interdependence.

  • Habit 1: Be Proactive (take responsibility).
  • Habit 2: Begin with the end in mind (develop a personal mission statement).
  • Habit 3: Put first things first (organising and time management).
  • Habit 4: Think win-win (human interaction and collaboration).
  • Habit 5: Seek first to understand, then to be understood (effective communication).
  • Habit 6: Synergise (creative cooperation).
  • Habit 7: Sharpen the saw (self-renewal and mindfulness).

Keywords: synergistic, empowering, win/win, perceptions, lens, attitude, behaviour, interdependence.

References

Covey, S. (2004). The 7 habits of highly effective people : Restoring the character ethic. New York: Free Press.

Covey, S. (1989). The Seven Habits of Highly Successful People. Fireside/Simon & Schuster. [sample here]

 

 

 

 

Open: How We’ll Work, Live & Learn In The Future by David Price

The ‘Open’ revolution is now upon us and will affect education at all levels. How we source learning opportunities, how we actually learn, how we engage will all be impacted on by this open revolution. Open is not just about technology, but a behaviour shift impacting on the social level of modern civil society.

What it is?

The Open revolution is a social revolution that represents a fundamental challenge to the established order of thinking. It disrupts and changes, so learning will never be the same again.

The collective social movement can affect almost every aspect of our lives, not just in education. The premise that learners are now producers, not just consumers and that we share what we learn is part of ‘open’. Creating a social space and learning from one another is part of open.

Learning Networks

How we learn and when we learn has thus been transformed. Learning now happens in 3 formal and informal places:

  1. Formal education setting such as school, college or university
  2. Workplace
  3. Home and leisure time (social learning space)

Peer to Peer

In the digital age, information flows faster and more freely than ever before and we are more connected which means barriers to learning are being dismantled. Look at the potential impact massive open online courses (MOOCs) and how they may impact and change adult learning. Going open for the traditional institution will be a benefit by turning learning ecosystems into learning commons.

This transformation on how we engage in learning and our capacity to learn, especially the informal settings (such as social media) challenges the traditional market approach to education.

Resources

Price, D. (2013). OPEN: How we’ll work, live and learning the future. Crux Publishing Ltd. [sample here]

Also follow on Twitter: @DavidPriceOBE

Book List for Nurse Educators

As we write this blog we will endeavour to keep a reading list of books we have found interesting. Take a look at some inspiring reading lists from Bill Gates and Goodreads.

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Books: in no particular order

Knowles, M. S., Holton III, E. F., & Swanson, R. A. (2014). The Adult Learner: The Definitive Classic in Adult Education and Human Resource Development. Routledge.

Bowden, J., & Marton, F. (2004). The University of Learning. Psychology Press. [sample here]

Hendry, R. (2010). Building and Restoring Respectful Relationships in Schools: A guide to using restorative practice. Routledge, [sample here]

Taleb, N. N. (2007). The Black Swan: The impact of the highly improbable. Random House.

Senge, P. M. (1990). The Fifth Discipline. The Art & Practice of Learning Organization. Doupleday Currence, New York. [sample here]

McCormack, B., Manley, K, & Garbett, R. (2008). Practice Development in Nursing. [sample here]

Price, D. (2013). OPEN: How we’ll work, live and learning the future. Crux Publishing Ltd. [sample here]

Biggs, J., & Tang, C. (2011). Teaching For Quality Learning At University (4th ed.). Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill Education. [sample here]

Covey, S. (1989). The Seven Habits of Highly Successful People. Fireside/Simon & Schuster. [sample here]

Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of Practice: Learning, meaning, and identity. Cambridge university press. [sample here]

Drucker, P. (2007) The Practice of Managementrevised edn, Butterworth-Heinemann.

Quinn, F. M. (2000). The Principles and Practice of Nurse Education. Nelson Thornes.

Crawford, M. B. (2009). Shop Class as Soulcraft: An inquiry into the value of work. Penguin. [sample here]

Brown, P. C., Roediger, H. L., & McDaniel, M. A. (2014). Make It Stick. Harvard University Press. [Goodreads blurb]

Oakley, B. (2014) A Mind for Numbers: How to Excel in Math and Science (Even if You Flunked Algebra). Penguin. [Goodreads blurb]

von Glasersfeld, E. (2013). Radical Constructivism. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.

Mesko, B. (2014). The Guide to the Future of Medicine: Technology and the human touch. Webicina kft. [link to free chapter]

Rungapadiachy, D. M. (1999) Interpersonal communication and psychology for health care professionals. Theory and practice. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

De Botton, A. (2010). The Pleasures and Sorrows of Work. Emblem Editions. [Goodreads blurb]

Killen, R. (2006). Effective teaching strategies: Lessons from research and practice. Cengage Learning Australia.

Foucault, M. (1998). The History of Sexuality: The Will to Knowledge. London, Penguin. [Goodreads blurb]

Illich, I. (1971). Deschooling Society. New York, 56.

Bastable, S. (2014). Nurse as educator: Principles of teaching and learning for nursing practice (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. [link to 2nd edition]

Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Goleman, D. (2006). Emotional Intelligence. Bantam. [Goodreads blurb]

Hattie, J. (2012). Visible learning for teachers: Maximizing impact on learning. Routledge. [Goodreads blurb]

Heron, J. (2001). Helping the client: A creative practical guide. Sage.

Wildavsky, B. (2012). The Great Brain Race: How global universities are reshaping the world. Princeton University Press. [Chapter 1]

Harding, L. (2014). The Snowden Files: The inside story of the world’s most wanted man. Guardian Faber Publishing. [sample here]

Levett-Jones, T. (Ed.). (2018). Clinical reasoning: Learning to think like a nurse. Pearson Australia.

Elliott, C. (2010). White coat, black hat: adventures on the dark side of medicine. Beacon Press [GoodReads Review]

Rogers, E. M. (1995) Diffusion of innovations. (5th ed.) Simon and Schuster, New York, USA. [summary article]

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. [Link to 4th edition]

Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The Story of Success. Hachette UK. [sample here]

Peters, S. (2013). The Chimp Paradox: The Mind Management Program to Help You Achieve Success, Confidence, and Happiness. Tarcher.  [Goodreads blurb]

Pallant, J. (2013). SPSS survival manual. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. Allyn & Bacon/Pearson Education.

Orwell, G. (1945). Animal Farm. New American Library.

Orwell, G. (1950). 1984. New American Library.

Isaacs, W. (2008). Dialogue: The art of thinking together. Crown Business. [GoodReads review]

Ones to Read

  1. Jan 2019: Take a break and read some classics and Harry Potter.
  2. Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall.
  3. Herrman, J. (2015). Creative Thinking Strategies for the Nurse Educator (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company.
  4. Sweller, J., Ayres, P., & Kalyuga, S. (2011). Cognitive Load Theory (Vol. 1, Explorations in the Learning Sciences, Instructional Systems and Performance Technologies). New York, NY: Springer New York.
  5. Van Wulfen, G. (2013). The Innovation Expedition: A visual toolkit to start innovation. Bis.