Authentic, Engaging & For The Learning

Authenticity is key, don’t worry too much on making everything beautiful and perfect is the message when creating online resources. Visualisation is important to grab attention, and imagery can portray powerful messages but follow the substance over style to start with. Authenticity can be seen in a range of ways from the delivery, to the content created with the target audience in mind for a personalised approach to education. Yes something more visual may be more eye-catching and engaging but we don’t all have the skills, resources or time to create such masterpieces (slide-ology). Just add this skill as part of your professional development or outsource it to an expert.

Focus on authenticity, engagement, participation, collaboration and learning new skills. Try to forget about worrying about the type of learning management system or password protection in the learning environment. Technology develops so fast that why not go with the free and open technology to prevent wastage of valuable money? It’s an expensive lesson when technology does not meet your training needs, becomes quickly outdated and requires specialist training for staff to understand and engage. Also if the resource was quick and cheap to make, your more likely to update and replace this resource than an expensively created one that you hang onto and over time becomes obsolete. In the real world, consider where you, your colleagues and students are communicating, it’s likely not in a learning management system. In everyday lives we use social media to network (socially and professionally), so why not engage and set some learning tasks in the online domain? Provide support to guide discussion around the topic and maintain confidentially (check your employer and national body social medial compliance rules if your the facilitator).

Learning Networks

Don’t forget using different media and resources can allow greater connection and engagement to a wider community of students, professionals and experts. Become a global citizen, who want’s to work in silo’s anyhow?

Task

Dedicate some reading time from the resource section below, focusing on the potential benefits of how an open pedagogical approach can benefit learning for both student and educator. David Price (OBE) book on education OPEN: How we’ll work, live and learning the future is a fantastic look into the school, higher education and workplace of the future.

Inspiration: Take a look at this bio on Sir Tew from Wikipedia and using open access in education, “The end of throwaway assignments and the beginning of real-world impact for student editors”.

Skills Learnt

  • Digital literacy
  • Collaboration
  • Engagement
  • Creating
  • Authorship

Aspirational

Keywords

#InternetAsThePlatform, #PersonalLearningNetwork, DigitalLiteracy, #FOANed, #FOAMed

Resources

DeRosa, R. (2016) My Open Textbook: Pedagogy and Practice. Actualham.

Blackall, L. (2016) No LMS- an argument for when your institution comes to reviewing their Learning Management System. Leigh Blackall Blogspot.

Price, D. (2013). OPEN: How we’ll work, live and learning the future. Crux Publishing Ltd. [sample here]

University of South Australia. (2013) Resourcing and Materials – Teaching and Learning Languages: A Guide.

Wikiversity (2015) Human Vision and Function.

Make it Visual with Slide-ology

Now I have always been a fan of using imagery to portray the message rather than cramming reams of words onto a PowerPoint slide. My approach to slide-ology (Nancy Duarte) is based on a little bit of education theory mixed with a dose of laziness as I am not the worlds greatest proof reader or checking for formatting issues (see any of my past assignments and feedback comments). One lesson I have learnt is to make sure you add plenty of notes with your slides in case one of your colleagues needs to step in last minute or you move job and you leave some quality resources for the next incumbent. Ones persons imagery and story is a total head scratcher for the next educator.

Some of the resources being created in the #FOANed and #FOAMed communities are of such high quality, the imagery, podcasts and resources are very professional (see some examples below).

Below are some great resources to improve presentations from a visual aspect. Slide-ology skills await:

 

Dont be a know it all, be a learn it all

Lifelong Learning
Having a growth mindset is essential for individuals and businesses to ensure continually development of abilities. The attitudes and approaches to the paths of success in growth development are varied. The approach of lifelong or life-wide learning appears to be an essential aspect to growth.
By on how successful people learn:
  1. Read a lot.
  2. Practice.
  3. Learn from others’ experience.
  4. Ask for advice.
  5. Keep a student’s mindset.

According to the Delors Report (1999) the four pillars of learning are:

  1. Learning to know
  2. Learning to do
  3. Learning to be
  4. Learning to live together

For those in higher education settings, the lifelong learning approach is excellant for business as it keeps all those adult learners (customers) returning for more.

References

Allan, P. (2017) Dont be a know it all, be a learn it all. Lifehacker.com

Bariso, J. (2016) How Successful People Learn: 5 Simple Rules Everyone Should Follow. Inc.com

Wikipedia (2017) Lifelong Learning.

World Health Organisation: Nurse Educator Core Competencies

Article: World Health Organisation (2016) Nurse Educator Core Competencies.

Background

“A competent nurse educator should have the knowledge, skills and attitudes
to adopt new approaches in planning, organizing, implementing and evaluating nurse education programmes” (pg. 5).

Aim

“to provide a clear outline of Nurse Educator Core Competencies and performance expectations, which can form the basis for developing a competence-based curriculum encompassing the cognitive, affective and psychomotor skills and behaviours expected of nurse teachers” (pg. 7).

The Process

  1. Literature review.
  2. Global Delphi survey.
  3. Initial validation of the nurse educator core competencies.
  4. Integration.

The Nurse Educator Competencies

  1. Theories and principles of adult learning.
  2. Curriculum and implementation.
  3. Nursing practice.
  4. Research and evidence.
  5. Communication, collaboration and partnership.
  6. Ethical/Legal principles and professionalism.
  7. Monitoring and evaluation.
  8. Management, leadership and advocacy.

Nurse Educator Core Competencies and Domains of Learning and Teaching

Table 1 of the document (pg. 11-16) provide the minimum competencies that a qualified nurse educator should possess with core competencies and related domains of learning and teaching.

Monitoring and Evaluation

“Monitoring and evaluation can provide information concerning the inputs, process of implementation and programme outcomes. This can help to ascertain the relevance of the educational programme/curriculum and the different roles and responsibilities of a nurse educator, including theoretical and clinical teaching, leadership and research.

Nursing educator core competencies could be assessed at three levels:

  1. Educator self-evaluation – to assess own performance in teaching and professional growth.
  2. Training institution – to address education and professional development needs of the faculty or for research purposes.
  3. National evaluation in nursing education – to ensure educational quality assessment and performance of educators in meeting the required standards and inform planning for appropriate interventions” (pg. 18).

Summary

“Globally there is an urgent requirement for more skilled nurses. Equally, there is a need to provide a system to educate teachers. Interventions in nursing education need to be carefully assessed and strategically planned and coordinated. Improving and maintaining the qualities and competencies of nurse educators requires keeping pace with shifting health-care expectations, evolving practice requirements, new information technologies, and rapidly expanding evidence-based health services. These challenges call for reformed approaches on the part of health professionals and educators alike. The development of nurse educators can facilitate the transference of competencies to new nursing generations and contribute to maintaining and enhancing the quality of health services” (pg. 19).

Reference

World Health Organisation (2016) Nurse Educator Core Competencies.

Create an Online Journal Club for Nurses

This post is to help guide the nurse educator on the creation of an online journal club for healthcare practitioners, and focuses on the theory of initiation and engagement aspects. Reasons for a journal club could be to increase uptake of evidence based practice, changing culture, improving patient outcomes or education development.

 To Do List

  • Outline of the purpose of the journal club.
  • Set some short and long term goals.
  • Set up regular meeting dates- routines help.
  • Voluntary or mandatory attendance?
  • Closed or public journal club?
  • A journal club leader to facilitate discussion.
  • Set a code of conduct for respectful discussion.
  • Determine process to choose topics of the papers.
  • Flipped classroom- circulating papers prior to the meeting.
  • Decide on a critical appraisal process.
  • Managing the online resource and enable sharing for those not able to attend.
  • Inclusive: providing training or resources for those nurses not familiar with the online journal club resources.
Practicalities
It is advisable to share and discuss articles on one platform for simple access for participants and to focus all discussion in one area. The articles and links could be shared via a learning management system, blog, Wiki resource, Google+ community, Twitter or a Facebook group. Limiting the number of social media tools also reduces the facilitators workload. Deciding on the privacy settings should be decided by the facilitators, remembering that workplace and nursing have code of conducts and you will be the moderator. The copyright rules for sharing publications will have to be followed as well, so use hyperlinks to the relevant journal page for participants to access or consider using open access articles. Having a journal club code of conduct with  information regarding confidentiality, engagement and respect is advisable.
Critical Appraisal Tools
References
Chan, T. M., Thoma, B., Radecki, R., Topf, J., Woo, H. H., Kao, L. S., … & Lin, M. (2015). Ten steps for setting up an online journal clubJournal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions35(2), 148-154.
Deenadayalan, Y., Grimmer‐Somers, K., Prior, M., & Kumar, S. (2008). How to run an effective journal club: a systematic reviewJournal of evaluation in clinical practice14(5), 898-911.
Greenhalgh, T. (2001). How to read a paper: the basics of evidence-based medicine. (2nd ed.) BMJ Publishing.
Greenhalgh, T. (2014). How to read a paper: the basics of evidence-based medicine.(4th ed.) John Wiley & Sons.
Intensive Care Network (2017) How to make journal club work.

 

The Stress Curve (Yerkes and Dodson Law)

Background History

“Yerkes-Dodson law from 1908 to the present. In its original form, the law was intended to describe the relation between stimulus strength and habit-formation for tasks varying in discrimination difficultness. But later generations of investigations and textbook authors have rendered it variously as the effects of punishment, reward, motivation, drive, arousal, anxiety, tension or stress upon learning, performance, problem-solving, coping or memory; while the task variable has been commonly referred to as difficulty, complexity or novelty, when it is not omitted altogether” (Teigen, 1994).

Stress Curve By Yerkes and Dodson 1908

OriginalYerkesDodson

Pressure & Performance

There are four main influencers related to pressure and performance:

  1. Skill Level.
  2. Personality.
  3. Trait Anxiety.
  4. Task Complexity.

The perception of stress from the individual can trigger the innate fight or flight response.

For The Educator

  • Remember stress can be both a negative and positive experience. This stress theory can link to ’emotional intelligence’ of the individual, well-being and potential for burnout.
  • Simulation sessions can be set up to challenge the learner along the stress curve. The educator must be aware of how they can positively or negatively influence the learners experience.
  • The environment can also impact on stress and perceived threats (culture, unsafe workplace such as violence).
  • For the educator. the question when to challenge the learner and when to step back is very difficult and will require regular review and feedback from the learner and the wider nursing team. Its good to provide a challenge, with the required supports but dropping the learner into an unsupported situation may backfire and effect confidence. Also learners (nurses) are people and have personal lives and so sometimes private life issues means the level of stress the person is experiencing renders learning negligible. This is the time to step off the learning curve, give an extension and put supports in place and to regroup at an appropriate time. Provide a personal approach to learning, not one fitted around traditional university semester timetables.

Keywords: Resilience, mindfulness, stress curve; burnout; Yerkes and Dodson Law.

References

Gibbons, C., Dempster, M., & Moutray, M. (2008). Stress and eustress in nursing students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 61(3), 282-290.

Intensive (2017) Training for Stress.

Selye, H. (1956). The stress of life.

Teigen, K. H. (1994). Yerkes-Dodson: A law for all seasons. Theory & Psychology, 4(4), 525-547.

Watson, R., Gardiner, E., Hogston, R., Gibson, H., Stimpson, A., Wrate, R., & Deary, I. (2009). A longitudinal study of stress and psychological distress in nurses and nursing students. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18(2), 270-278.

Wikipedia (2017) Yerkes-Dodson Law.

3D Virtual Learning

Okay, this post is short and sweet as it’s all about how we will be learning and interacting in the future. I am amazed how interactive and engaging virtual reality offers. The question will be, how available will this technology be to people around the world? Also how does the average educator create such an engaging resource or are more developed IT skills required?

Additional Resources

Virtual Reality For Learning

Gamification In Nurse Education