Social Media & Healthcare: The Literature

This post is more a reference to the growing evidence of SoMe in healthcare.  New publications will be added as I discover them in the literature and please add any ones I may have missed in the comment section. All resources from this post have been created into a Social Media & Healthcare Google+ community, which you can also add relevant resources to as well and add valuable comments.

References 

Azzam, A., Bresler, D., Leon, A., Maggio, L., Whitaker, E., Heilman, J., … & Trotter, F. (2017). Why Medical Schools Should Embrace Wikipedia: Final-Year Medical Student Contributions to Wikipedia Articles for Academic Credit at One School. Academic Medicine, 92(2), 194.

Borgmann, H., DeWitt, S., Tsaur, I., Haferkamp, A., & Loeb, S. (2015). Novel survey disseminated through Twitter supports its utility for networking, disseminating research, advocacy, clinical practice and other professional goals. Canadian Urological Association Journal, 9(9-10), E713.

Cain, J. (2011). Social media in health care: the case for organizational policy and employee education. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 68(11), 1036.

Campbell, L., Evans, Y., Pumper, M., & Moreno, M. A. (2016). Social media use by physicians: a qualitative study of the new frontier of medicine. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 16(1), 91.

Carroll, C. L., & Bruno, K. (2016). Social Media and Free Open Access Medical Education: The Future of Medical and Nursing Education? American Journal of Critical Care, 25(1), 93-96.

Chan, T., Trueger, N. S., Roland, D., & Thoma, B. (2017). Evidence-based medicine in the era of social media: Scholarly engagement through participation and online interaction. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine, 1-6.

Chretien, K. C., & Kind, T. (2013). Social Media and Clinical Care. Circulation, 127(13), 1413-1421.

DeCamp, M., Koenig, T. W., & Chisolm, M. S. (2013). Social media and physicians’ online identity crisisJama310(6), 581-582.

Greene, J. (2013). Social media and physician learning. Annals of emergency medicine, 62(5), A11-A13.

Grajales III, F. J., Sheps, S., Ho, K., Novak-Lauscher, H., & Eysenbach, G. (2014). Social media: a review and tutorial of applications in medicine and health careJournal of medical Internet research16(2), e13.

Hawn, C. (2009). Take two aspirin and tweet me in the morning: how Twitter, Facebook, and other social media are reshaping health care. Health affairs28(2), 361-368.

Jain, S. H. (2009). Practicing medicine in the age of FacebookNew England Journal of Medicine361(7), 649-651

Mollett, A., Brumley, C., Gilson, C., & Williams, S. (2017). Communicating Your Research with Social Media: A Practical Guide to Using Blogs, Podcasts, Data Visualisations and Video. SAGE.

Mollett, A., Moran, D., & Dunleavy, P. (2011). Using Twitter in university research, teaching and impact activities.

Moorley, C., & Chinn, T. (2014). Using social media for continuous professional development. Journal of advanced nursing.

Panahi, S., Watson, J., & Partridge, H. (2016). Social media and physicians: exploring the benefits and challenges. Health informatics journal22(2), 99-112.

Peoples, B. K., Midway, S. R., Sackett, D., Lynch, A., & Cooney, P. B. (2016). Twitter Predicts Citation Rates of Ecological Research. PloS one, 11(11), e0166570.

Ranschaert, E. R., Van Ooijen, P. M., McGinty, G. B., & Parizel, P. M. (2016). Radiologists’ usage of social media: Results of the RANSOM survey. Journal of digital imaging, 29(4), 443-449.

Roland D, Spurr J, Cabrera D. (2017) Preliminary Evidence for the Emergence of a Health Care Online Community of Practice: Using a Netnographic Framework for Twitter Hashtag Analytics. J Med Internet Res.19(7):e252. DOI: 10.2196/jmir.7072

Rozenblum, R., & Bates, D. W. (2013). Patient-centred healthcare, social media and the internet: the perfect storm?. BMJ Quality & Safety.

Topolovec-Vranic, J., & Natarajan, K. (2016). The Use of Social Media in Recruitment for Medical Research Studies: A Scoping Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 18(11).

Van Noorden, R. (2014). Scientists and the social network. Nature, 512(7513), 126.

Ventola, C. L. (2014). Social media and health care professionals: benefits, risks, and best practices. Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 39(7), 491.

Villanti, A. C., Johnson, A. L., Ilakkuvan, V., Jacobs, M. A., Graham, A. L., & Rath, J. M. (2017). Social Media Use and Access to Digital Technology in US Young Adults in 2016. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19(6), e196.

Wilson, R., Ranse, J., Cashin, A., & McNamara, P. (2013). Nurses and Twitter: The good, the bad, and the reluctant. Collegian. Chicago.

Zahedi, Z., Costas, R., Larivière, V., & Haustein, S. (2017). What makes papers visible on social media? An analysis of various document characteristics. arXiv preprint arXiv:1703.05777.

 

 

Making The Internet and Resources Accessible

This is my consideration to reviewing accessibility of this blog and to aid future creation of resources. After reading this post by Finn Gardiner on neurodiversity inclusiveness it really makes you consider how you create education items. At times I have created short video recordings and added them into YouTube for students to access, normally talking over a few powerpoint slides explaining focus of upcoming course content or discussing an article for journal club but had never thought to add captioning or subtitles. The below resources explain the reasons for inclusivity and then a how to guide to add captions ‘Charlie Chaplin’ style. At the bottom right of this blog, is a translate option that hopefully allows more accessibility.

I try to add a mix of text, image and video resource to provide a variety of sources of information and to keep it light and interesting (#microlearning). What I am not sure about is the accessibility or loading speed for those accessing around the world. The open access approach means quick access, no passwords, payments but access to published articles is dependent on publisher rights so sometimes only a link to a abstract can be provided.

Make The Internet Accessible by Annie Elainey.

 

Creating Subtitles and Closed Captions on Your Youtube Videos by Derral Eves

Resources

Finn Gardiner (2017) 5 ways to make your web content more neurodiversity inclusive. Nosmag.org

National Association of The Deaf (2017) Captioning on the internet.

 

The Conversation Prism: Social Networks

If we consider the expectations of an educator, as to having the knowledge and understanding of technological trends, including social media. The overall aim is to ensure we are connecting to social networks, experience new ideas and remaining current. It also allows us to try new ways to do things, maybe without the need for any budget, which means other than our own time what have we to lose in trying something new? Take a minute to look at the visual map and put yourself in the centre of the wheel and reflect on the different social media you use, have tried and ones you are interested in for future use. Consider what your students now or in the future may use, remember the tools we use now may well be gone in 5-10 years time. Investing in technology for education purposes is a difficult task, as who knows what innovation is coming next?

What is The Conversation Prism?

According to Brian Solis who developed The Conversation Prism in 2008. The Conversation Prism is “a visual map of the social media landscape. It’s an ongoing study in digital ethnography that tracks dominant and promising social networks and organizes them by how they’re used in everyday life”. A new updated prism is due soon so keep an eye out at https://conversationprism.com/.

Image:The Conversation Prism (Brian Solis + JESS3)

See my own brainstorm for developing social media and technology skills as part of becoming a networked educator.

Networked Teacher Brainstorm

Reference

Solis, B. & JESS3 (2017). The Conversation Prism

Nursing Education Network (2016). The Networked Teacher 

 

The Datathon Experience

So I have just attended my first datathon aimed at “bringing inter-professional critical care trainees and clinicians (data novices to gurus), statisticians, data scientists and administrators together in the same room to tackle clinical problems with large datasets. The datathon aims were to generate patient-centred or service-centred projects and research which can be published in scientific journals and ultimately make a real difference to patients.”

The Experience

I went with the advised ‘open attitude’ and ‘to collaborate’ mindset and it did not disappoint. From initial ideas brainstorm from those attending, and then linking in to a project of interest or specialty, this was all spontaneous. Next came the collaborative group work formed from a team of medical, nursing, librarian, government, dietitian, researchers, statisticians and data scientists discussed and brainstormed to generate a meaningful research question. This was all supported by research, medical, scientist ‘gurus’ to challenge and advise on topics and frame the research process.

Big Data

Having minimal research experience, a dataset of 1.5 million admissions is just scary and needs to be managed with the respect like you were directly caring for each of these patient admissions. Time for the data scientists to come in and within hours had provided a initial dataset with required variables (cut down to 100 after much discussion) from 1 million admission episodes. Many cups of coffee were required to keep up with these specialists. No matter the level of experience, all aspects were fully explained so the group were all up to speed.

Big data analysis and time for ‘The Statistician’ to come and make some meaning from this huge amount of data. This was all done before the morning coffee break, that is time critical working.

Results Review

Time to review the results and look for outcomes and demographics with important findings. Comparing these results to past research and knowledge provided a where were we at picture, to look at where are we now.

Ready to Rumble

How To Pitch Your Presentation by @MishManners:

  1.  Introduce
  2.  Frame the problem
  3.  Current solution / knowledge
  4.  Your solution!
  5.  The ask

The End

The datathon showed you need a collaborative approach to complete such a research project. Multi-disciplinary working, we must do more. Can the team continue to collaborate and finalise the work to publish and share these findings with a wider audience? As for another datathon, I would thoroughly recommend, even for a lost weekend of days off.

References

#CCdata17

#anzicsdatathon17

@ANZICSCORE

Internet Sheep: Ask Questions

We are anonymousThe World Wide Web developed by Tim Berners-Lee was created with public domain rights, but the internet creates much discussion and opinions on open source, copyright, privacy, financial and political  views.

“As a globally distributed network of voluntarily interconnected autonomous networks, the Internet operates without a central governing body. It has no centralized governance for either technology or policies (Wikipedia, 2016).”

In healthcare the potential for big data to improve knowledge and understanding of disease could be vastly improved with a global access to health records.  Below are some of the discussions around the internet, both good and bad.

The Internet’s Own Boy: The Story of Aaron Swartz

Anonymous – It is time to know the truth 2017

Here’s How We Take Back The Internet: Edward Snowden 

Keywords: curiosity; thinking; knowledge; global citizen; we are legion.

References

Marrt, B. (2015) How Big Data is Changing Healthcare. Forbes

Wikileaks (2016) https://wikileaks.org/

Wikipedia (2016) World Wide Web

 

Social Media: Where are the nurse leaders?

“Unfortunately, many nurse leaders, with years of experience in this multifaceted profession, have yet to join the conversation on social media. Therefore, the conversation is often led by novices in the field, simply because leaders are absent” (Carroll & Bruno, 2016).

As social media continues to change the face of healthcare, the necessity to understand and engage will become increasingly important to connect with colleagues, patients and other health systems. The flattening of healthcare hierarchies opens up the need to connect.

Evidence to persuade the doubters:

  • The creators of #WeNurses (Moorley & Chinn, 2014).
  • Evidence of using a hashtag at a conference and potential benefits, increased advertising, awareness for university and self-promotion (Wilson, Ranse, Cashin & McNamara, 2013).
  • Symplur: provides the analytics to provide quantitative analysis. Healthcare hashtags project on tweet chats, conferences that is a free open platform that connects to relevant conversations and communities.

Benefits:

• The development of social networks.
• The student/staff experience through improved student/staff partnerships.
• Utilisation of analytic tools to engage students and stimulate learning.
• Development of academic staff usage of social media.

Some Players

Just to counteract the above points, the following provide some great higher level healthcare insights.

Keywords: Social media, community of practice, collaboration, network, communication, evidence based practice, professional development, global citizen.

References

Moorley, C., & Chinn, T. (2014). Using social media for continuous professional development. Journal of Advanced Nursing.

Moorley, C. R., & Chinn, T. (2014). Nursing and Twitter: Creating an online community using hashtags. Collegian, 21(2), 103-109.

Carroll, C. L., & Bruno, K. (2016). Social Media and Free Open Access Medical Education: The Future of Medical and Nursing Education. American Journal of Critical Care, 25(1), 93-96.

Sinclair, W., McLoughlin, M., & Warne, T. (2015). To Twitter to Woo: Harnessing the power of social media (SoMe) in nurse education to enhance the student’s experience. Nurse Education in Practice, 15(6), 507-511.

Wilson, R., Ranse, J., Cashin, A., & McNamara, P. (2013). Nurses and Twitter: The good, the bad, and the reluctant. Collegian. Chicago.

Symplur. (2015) Doing research in healthcare social media.

Innovation in Health: The Edge

Change in health can be slow and frustrating, especially as we stand in such a technological advanced era. The governance aspects of individualism matching national health systems and standardisation may often seem worlds apart. The vast number of specialties within health also challenge how to scale online communities to meet everyone’s need. So innovation to improve communication, access to health records and services are major factors. How to connect and engage across formal and informal health resources so patients are themselves experts and are empowered is an essential aspect of future transformation and innovation.

The Edge

About: “Think, Connect, Share, Change:  a free social platform committed to finding, sharing, curating and creating the boldest and most innovative new ideas in health & care”.

Keywords:

  • Healthy communities
  • Health innovation
  • Transformation
  • Collaboration

Social Media: 

They also have a ” School for Health and Care Radicals

Importantly The Edge is to think differently about how effective change practice can lead to better outcomes for patients.

The work they create is under creative commons licence which is also another great sharing aspect they have embraced.