Civil Society & Global Health

Gallen (2000) defines civil society as “a group or organisation with common interests or goals whose collective actively represent citizens in an independent manner”. Civil society in a more general sense can be seen as “the elements such as freedom of speech, an independent judiciary, etc, that make up a democratic society” (Collins English Dictionary).…

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Create a Constructivist Online Learning Environment

Constructivist Learning Environments In a constructivist learning environment, the educator needs to allow the learner to develop and learn, ideally allowing progression suited to the individual. The content will have to be incorporated into lesson plans and intended learning outcomes to scaffold learning. Integrating varied theoretical approaches to assist and encourage learning is key. The facilitator will…

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Pomodoro Technique: Study Skills

Pomodoro Technique: “The Pomodoro Technique® is a time-management method developed by Francesco Cirillo in the 1980s. The technique uses a timer (originally a tomato-shaped kitchen timer) to break work into 25-minute intervals of focused work, each interval followed by a short break” (Oakley & Sejnowski, 2016). Pomodoro: ‘Pomodoro’ is Italian for tomato. Study Time Aim: To…

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Heutagogy: The Third Gogy

What is Heutagogy? So we have pedagogy (learning in children) and andragogy (learning in adults). The third gogy is heutagogy (Greek for ‘self‘) which is self-determined learning and places the emphasis of learning on the learner, moving away from the traditional teacher/lecturer role as the focal point. Defined by Hase and Kenyon (2000) as “the study of self-determined learning”,…

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Phenomenographic & Variation Theory

Phenomenographic & Variation Theory The phenomenological perspective is based around understanding the experiences of others, for example a teacher gaining an understanding of the student’s perspective of a particular lesson. Basing this approach around the individual’s perspective, continual evolvement occurs in the different learning experiences we participate in (Marton, 1981). The same educational content could…

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Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning (Book Club)

Book Club: Brown, P. C., Roediger, H. L., & McDaniel, M. A. (2014). Make It Stick. Harvard University Press. [Goodreads blurb] The Authors  The Storyteller: Brown, P. C. The Cognitive Scientists: Roediger, H. L., & McDaniel, M. A. Aim: To identify and understand how learning and memory work. “People generally are going about learning in the wrong…

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Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development

Vygotsky’s “Zone of proximal development” describes how the learner moves cognitively from potential to actual development (a constructivism theory). What the learner cannot do. What the leaner can do with guidance. What the learner can do. This type of learning can only be facilitated through guidance and support (Moll, 2013). “Vygotsky’s social constructivism is an…

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Piaget:Constructivism & Cognitivist Perspective

Constructivism & Cognitivist Perspective Considered one of the most prominent and prolific constructivists, Jean Piaget developed the theory of cognitive development around the premise that thoughts, memory, past experience, problem solving and processing information all influence the learner (Doolittle and Hicks, 2012).  Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development changed the education paradigm from a traditional…

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Focus the mind: To wee or not to wee?

To wee or not to wee, that is the question. Need to make an important decision or focus more clearly on a task? The question we are trying to answer in this post is whether you should take a planned wee before or hold on till after a task, and which is better to focus…

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Folk Schools: Adult Education

Background & History Folk schools offer a variety of subjects and their common theme is the delivery of educational programs where the learner focuses on their own interests, abilities and personal growth. True learning occurs as the learners engage in subjects that really interest and motivate them. The aim of folk school is to challenge the…

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