Book: Wildavsky, B. (2012). The great brain race: How global universities are reshaping the world. Princeton University Press. [Chapter 1]
The internationalision of student mobility and how “every year, nearly three million international students study outside of their home countries, a 40 percent increase since 1999”. Higher education and research is a global activity and is now considered border less.
How the top Universities in developing countries are partners with the top ‘traditional’ old world universities from the developed world. The resources, campus, teachers of these new competitors are providing world class facilities to their student population. What they lack in history, they provide an innovative and technological driven education.
The now border less world of higher education and the importance of world rankings of universities to attract both students and teachers in the ‘global supermarket‘ of education.
The Brain Drain
With this worldwide expansion of higher education and a mobile student group, the effect has been a “brain drain”. The best students have been taken from their home countries to assist in the brain gain and growth in the land of their university where they then undertake their working career. Foreign students bring both academic and economic competitiveness. They boost this economy but their home economy looses out, until they return home.
With the new universities challenging the traditional and also free world trade, it is possible that there will be a change to the brain drain to create an equilibrium of brain circulation.
Wildavsky, B. (2012). The great brain race: How global universities are reshaping the world. Princeton University Press. [Chapter 1]