Known as the One Minute Preceptor or Five Step Micro-skills approach to educational situations. This approach provides a structure to educating on the go to ensure effective preceptorship and feedback is provided, especially in a busy clinical environment.
What is it?
- Educating on the go.
- Make the most of teaching time.
- Microlearning: Fits in with learners faced with time poor situations.
- Effective preceptorship structure.
- Role modelling.
Five imperatives (or micro-skills):
- Get a commitment.
- Probe for supporting evidence.
- Teach general rules.
- Reinforce what was done right.
- Correct mistakes.
Examples for the Educator:
- What do you think is going on with this patient?
- What are the factors that have lead to you to the identified clincial issues?
- Give example of guideline or policy relevant to the case to set undertsanding of rules.
- Specific feeback.
- Clarify areas that were incorrect or alternative options could have been approached.
Aim of The Approach
- Deeper level discussion.
- Promote discussion.
- Provide feedback.
- Increase student satisfaction and learning.
- Confidence to the preceptor.
Aagaard, E., Teherani, A., & Irby, D. M. (2004). Effectiveness of the one-minute preceptor model for diagnosing the patient and the learner: proof of concept. Academic medicine, 79(1), 42-49.
CanadiEM. (2019). Teaching That Counts: The One-Minute Preceptor Model .
Neher, J. O., Gordon, K. C., Meyer, B., & Stevens, N. (1992). A five-step “microskills” model of clinical teaching. The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice, 5(4), 419-424.