Flipped Classroom

A reversal of the traditional lecture then do homework approach. ‘Flipping’ allows a change in the teaching approach and levels of engagement.  In the flipped classroom the reading is completed before attending an interactive session (instead of a potentially passive lecture). The pre-reading covers the content that was previously delivered in the lecture format. This means a more interactive, problem based learning and group work teaching format can be utilised within the valuable teaching time.

How To Deliver?

Set pre-reading, links to suitable resources and also access to the lecture notes to enable learners understand the key readings and focus points (intended learning outcomes). Students can work at their own pace.

Pre-Reading resources:

  • Book or journal article
  • Video
  • Podcast

E-learning provides an opportunity to access and engage with resources pre-education.

This allows the discussion to extend and develop further as the groundwork is set. The facilitator can spend time clarifying any theory or concepts that the learners struggled with.

Education Delivery:

  • Problem based approach (case study)
  • Group work
  • Quiz
  • Project
  • Hands on
  • Simulation


What happens though when some of the learners have engaged with the pre-reading and the other half have not done a thing? You now have two split groups and you have to decide to bring one group up to speed or push on with the advanced group and leave the others behind. To utilise the flipped classroom then a ‘ways of working’ between the learners and teacher has to have taken place, then expectations are clear for the adult learners.

Loss of the lecture, it is easy to say lectures are passive but this is not always the case, there are great presenters that provide interaction, learning and engagement so dont be too hasty removing this approach.

The flipped classroom does seem very similar to the seminar approach to learning, so it’s not really that much of a learning curve when you look at it in constructive manner.

Keywords: flipped classroom, pre-reading, active learning, engagement.


Tucker, B. (2012). The flipped classroom. Education next, 12(1).

Educause (2012) 7 things you should know about flipped classrooms

McLaughlin, J. E., Roth, M. T., Glatt, D. M., Gharkholonarehe, N., Davidson, C. A., Griffin, L. M., … & Mumper, R. J. (2014). The flipped classroom: a course redesign to foster learning and engagement in a health professions school. Academic Medicine, 89(2), 236-243.