Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM)


Development of a tool to measure teamwork performance in medical emergencies (TEAM measurement tool).


The focus in healthcare on the importance of patient safety and developing safer healthcare systems. Reducing preventable errors in healthcare requires a culture of change. Errors are multi-factorial, but can be attributed to technical and non-technical skills as well as organisational issues. “The determinants of effective team performance include technical and nontechnical skills such as leadership and teamwork” (Cooper et al., 2010).

Key Performance Factors

  • Leadership skills
  • Team performance
  • Technical Skills
  • Task management
  • Non technical skills
  • Communication
  • Situational awareness
  • Environmental awareness


Study findings from the primary study found “TEAM was found to be a valid and reliable instrument and should be a useful addition to clinicians’ tool set for the measurement of teamwork during medical emergencies. Further evaluation of the instrument is warranted to fully determine its psychometric properties”.

Keywords: teamwork; situational awareness; training; debriefing; human factors.


Cooper, S. J., & Cant, R. P. (2014). Measuring non-technical skills of medical emergency teams: an update on the validity and reliability of the Team Emergency Assessment Measure. Resuscitation, 85(1), 31-33.

Cooper, S., Cant, R., Porter, J., Sellick, K., Somers, G., Kinsman, L., & Nestel, D. (2010). Rating medical emergency teamwork performance: development of the Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM). Resuscitation, 81(4), 446-452.

Monash University (2017) TEAM.

Monash University (2017) TEAM measurement tool.